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Such ailments are marked by inadequate visual information for normal orientation of the body. The vestibular system in the body controls the balancing mechanism that requires coordination between the eyes, the inner ear, and the joints and muscles.
Each of these organs sends out important signals about position to the brain in order to balance the body. However, there is a sudden loss of vestibular function in acrophobes, resulting in balance dysfunction.
This causes difficulty in maintaining proper balance. At greater heights, an appropriate visual system is needed for a normal view of any object. In this case however, there is an overloading of the visual cortex a part of the cerebral cortex of the brain responsible for processing visual information.
The perception of motion as well as the integration of locomotion gets severely impaired, causing a weak response. Many medical researchers claim that fear of heights can be ascribed to the following factors: Classical conditioning It is an essential aspect of behavioral learning theory that shows relationship between an environmental signal and a naturally occurring stimulus.
Fear conditioning is an adaptive mechanism, which protects an individual from serious consequences by associating an unpleasant stimulus with a neutral one. The expression of fear is neutral and experienced by almost everyone. Elevated heights are also an unpleasant stimulus and create a state of fear in every individual, but is more pronounced and persistent in acrophobic patients.
The phenomenon basically involves the amygdala, almond-shaped groups of nuclei in the brain, responsible for processing of memory and emotional reactions.
When amygdala gets abnormally activated there is an expression of excessive fear. Trauma Prior traumatic events involving heights such as falling from a high place or seeing someone else experience a similar trauma can also be a contributory factor. Such experiences often get stored as images in the brain that trigger a feeling of fear in some individuals when encountered with situations involving heights to prevent the reoccurrence of the past trauma.
Acrophobia Diagnosis The phobia can be diagnosed by an experienced mental healthcare specialist. Patients are normally asked some questions in order to know and evaluate all the symptoms that they are actually experiencing.
These questions generally include: The reaction of patients in a high place The duration of the prevalence of this irrational fear The degree of severity of the symptoms The condition can be confirmed on the basis of the answers provided by patients.
The diagnosis is appropriate only when the fear severely interferes with the functioning of patients and gives rise to extreme distress. Based on the information collected, healthcare providers decide upon the kind of medical treatment that should be administered to the affected individual.
Acrophobia Treatment Following are some of the remedial methods that are usually implemented by doctors to treat the phobia: Cognitive-behavioral therapy It is a form of psychotherapy that focuses on present thinking, behavior, and communication rather than on past experiences.
Its main aim is to eliminate the symptoms of the condition and induce positive thinking. The way acrophobes interpret a situation or an object, involving heights is usually reversed using various cognitive techniques.
Behavioral Therapy In this process, therapists expose patients to the source of fear in a gradual manner in order to eradicate the phobia. A series of exercises are performed to help the sufferers in facing the situation.
This particular technique is called systematic desensitization. In other cases, the affected individuals are given the flooding therapy, in which prolonged exposure to the fear-provoking situation helps in observing their reactions.
The method is faster and yields effective results. Behavioral assessment is a must for monitoring the progress of patients undergoing the treatment. Hypnosis Hypnotherapeutic method, in conjunction with fear exposure sessions, helps mental therapists to spot the emotional triggers and eliminate the unreasonable phobia.
Medications Although there are no proven drugs available to treat the condition, use of D-Cycloserine may aid in reducing panic attacks and anxiety. Breathing re-training The subtle shifts in breathing elicit anxiety and other physical symptoms.
In this technique, the fast breathing pattern is changed to a slow one for subsequent reduction of the symptoms. Acrophobia Complications This unusual phobia can severely affect the normal life of an individual.
Such patients may restrict their activities to avoid sources that generate their fear. Precautionary measures could be taken to ensure safety, although in case of panic attacks such individuals may end up taking an extreme step to avoid falling.
Acrophobia and Vertigo Vertigo is an abnormal condition characterized by a sensation of spinning and dizziness.Acrophobia - Definition, Treatment, Symptoms, Causes, Statistics. It is defined as an unexplainable, intensely fear of heights, it can cause a person to fear. The prognosis for treatment of Thanatophobia patients is mostly positive, with people eventually developing the ability to overcome their irrational fears of death.
Treatment is successful in most cases, with the majority of patients being able to live satisfying lives. Nov 04, · Fibromyalgia syndrome is mainly characterized by pain, fatigue, and sleep disruption.
The etiology of fibromyalgia is still unclear: if central sensitization is considered to be the main mechanism involved, then many other factors, genetic, immunological, and hormonal, may play an important role.
Agoraphobia treatment usually includes both psychotherapy and medication. It may take some time, but treatment can help you get better.
diagnosis or treatment. Data sources include Micromedex® (updated Sep 4th, ), Cerner Multum™ (updated Sep 4th, ), Wolters Kluwer™ (updated Sep 3rd, ) and others. Get the facts on agoraphobia causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and medication.
Agoraphobics have a fear of being outside. Anxiety-provoking events may cause agoraphobia if a person is repeatedly exposed to the event. A diagnosis of agoraphobia can usually be made if: you're anxious about being in a place or situation where escape or help may be difficult if you feel panicky or .