Home Culture Shock Culture shock is feeling unsettled when one person moves from one culture to another unfamiliar one. This is usually seen amongst immigrants, expatriates or when a person goes to visit another country. The most common cause of culture shock is individuals in foreign environments.
Definition, Objective, Function and Other Details! By the end of the 20th century, tourism has become the largest industry in the world, and this is now considered as the most rapidly growing industry of the world. Until the start of the second last decade of the last century, tourism was seen as a profitable sector of business with no obvious constraints to growth, few barriers to entry to market, an almost universal welcome from governments, and few effective regulatory requirements to take the environment into consideration.
In the wake of these impacts, there is a need for the alternate tourism so that we can preserve tourism with its benefits for next generations also. And the outcome is the concept of eco-tourism. The Key to Sustainable Development. Ecotourism is usually considered to be more than just tourism to natural areas.
However, since the formal introduction of the term by Ceballos- Lascurain almost three decades ago, controversy over appropriate uses for the term and inconsistency in its application have hindered the development of the concept and its practical realization at specific sites. Those at the forefront of ecotourism research and development now provide definitions, which address the fundamental goals of conservation of natural areas and local development.
In ecotourism, natural areas and local population are united in a symbolic relationship through the introduction of tourism. A sound ecotourism is characterized by the four key hallmarks that distinguish it from simple nature, wildlife or adventure tourism.
The four hallmarks are that ecotourism projects have should: Contribute money to the local economy and local community services.
Contribute financially to environmental protection. Educate visitors and members of the local community. The definitions of ecotourism focus on three significant aspects viz.
It differs in a meaningful way from mass tourism that aims at consuming nature leaving it depleted on more than one front.
Conservation, sustainability and biological diversity are the three interrelated aspects of ecotourism.
As a developmental tool, ecotourism can advance the three basic goals of the Convention on Biological Diversity: Conserve biological and cultural diversity, by strengthening protected area management systems Public or Private and increasing the value of sound ecosystem.
Promote the sustainable use of biodiversity, by generating income, jobs and business opportunities in ecotourism and related business networks. Share the benefits of ecotourism developments equitably with local communities and indigenous people, by obtaining their informed consent and full participation in planning and management of ecotourism businesses.
The strong orientation of the ecotourism field towards principles, guidelines and certification based on sustainability standard gives it an unusual position in the tourism field. Ecotourism is viewed, as a means of protecting natural areas through the generation of revenues, environmental education and involvement of the local people in such ways; both conservation and development will be prompted in a sustainable manner.
While difficult to measure, ecotourism is believed to be the fastest growing tourism segment. Ecotourism has recently come to be regarded as the panacea that enables us to aggressively seek tourism dollars with no obvious damage to ecosystems, since wild resources are not being harvested and there is no apparent associated development.
As a concept, ecotourism has gained momentum recently in India, but as a way of life Indians have practiced ecotourism since times immemorial to nature and rich cultural heritage. The main Objectives of Ecotourism are: Provision of socio — economic benefits. Provision of environmental services.
Conservation of the natural areas. Provision of high quality experience.
Promotion of environment advocacy. Fundamental functions of Ecotourism include: Protection of natural area b.Eco-tourism is more than a catch phrase for nature loving travel and recreation.
Eco-tourism is consecrated for preserving and sustaining the diversity of the world's natural and cultural environments. Tourism plays a vital role in the economic development of a country. Tourism is the second largest foreign exchange earner in India. Related Articles: Essay on Tourism as an Industry in India.
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