A Politician is person who is professionally involved in politics. Usually, he has good influence over the general people. It is often said that politics is the art and technique of government.
Quote India should work towards empowering women economically — through microfinance programs — and also encourage greater participation of women leaders in panchayats, or village councils, writes author Shoba Narayan in this opinion piece.
While India exults after yet another peacefully concluded election, one question remains: What is the role of women in Indian politics?
The answer is both big and small. Typical of India, it contains contradictions. On the one hand, India falls in the lowest quartile with respect to the number of women in parliament 9.
Even the UAE, with That said, the recently concluded 15th Lok Sabha elections have delivered a record 59 women as members of Parliament, the highest since independence, raising their parliamentary participation to Seventeen of these women are under The panchayati raj, that bedrock of rural government, has fostered more and more women participants and leaders.
A panchayat is a five-person elected village council.
Some states, like Karnataka, had inducted women into rural politics even before it was mandated by the constitution. Beating the Odds The rise of Indian women as panchayat leaders is a spectacular achievement given that India has one of the worst records with respect to the way it treats the female sex.
Malnourished, suppressed, uneducated, violated and discriminated against, Indian women have the odds stacked against them. Even birth is a hurdle, thanks to widespread female infanticide in rural areas.
But for every Saroja who will be married at 13 because her mother, a devadasi prostitute in Chikanahalli Village, Karnataka, cannot afford to pay a dowry, there is a Lakshmi, who is serving her second-term as the panchayat leader of Kadinamala village in Kotagiri district. There is a Kenchamma of Nereleke gram panchayat in rural Karnataka, who survived life threats during her two terms as council leader.
An illiterate Dalit, Kenchamma could not read or write. Perhaps as a result of her personal travails, she made sure that she brought education to all the children in her village, including a disabled child.
Talking to these women is a lesson in humility. Instead of the outrage and anger that urban feminists project, these women panchayat leaders speak with clear-minded realism about opportunities and costs.
It means assuming leadership for the first time in their lives and then subsuming it at home to serve in-laws and husband. For Kenchamma, it meant leaving her one-year-old son to other caregivers while she learned the ropes of politics.
Ask these women about political reform, and their answers reflect concerns that every women and mother can relate to. They focus on three things: Kenchamma, a trained midwife, established health camps to improve awareness among the villagers.
She also knew from personal experience that, often, it is the mothers who neglect their health the most. Simplistic as it seems, solving health and education is a common thread among panchayat leaders, whether they are men or women.
The third concern is figuring out how to save or raise enough money to accomplish their goals. Microfinance and Economic Empowerment Geeta, 32, would be a typical candidate. An orphan at age three, Geeta was raised by her elder sister. Today, she works as a housemaid in Bangalore to feed her family of four: Her husband, her two sons and herself.
But she lives in a cycle of debt — borrowing to repay past loans, to make annual school payments for her sons, to cover family events like weddings and every time someone in the family falls sick. Geeta, it so happens, works in my house.
Two years ago, Geeta heard about Janalakshmia microfinance company, from some women in her neighborhood. She joined a group of women and borrowed Rs. Each group has a leader who guarantees the interest payment to the microfinance institution and in turn, the leader invites women she trusts into the group so that they can borrow larger amounts.
More and more entities are recognizing the power of micro-loans and how they can elevate an entire segment of society. And the route to the underserved is frequently through women, thanks to models based on Grameen Bank and others. Chennai-based Equitas, for instance, only works with women.
In all these cases, women serve as the lynchpin for programs, whether they are rural Self Help Groups SHG or global programs that aspire to foster entrepreneurship. Women self-help groups are burgeoning all across India, and study after study shows that they successfully impact women and bring them out of poverty.
The good news, at least in India, is that these microfinance initiatives are reaching bigger swathes of the underserved. Based in Ahmedabad and chaired by social activist and SEWA founder Ela Bhatt, the school recognizes that borrowing money is only one part of the triangle.Women In Indian Politics.
Role of Women in Indian Politics. The ink-stained polls of the world's largest democracy have delivered their verdict and India waits with bated breath to learn whether Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's second administration will be different than the first. India should work towards empowering women economically -- through microfinance programs -- and also encourage greater participation of women leaders in panchayats, or village councils, writes author.
Essay on The Role of Women in Politics! A new dimension of women in politics emerged in recent years all over the world. More and more women have now been entering into politics. Conventional politics reflected male concerns and hence women were notably absent in politics.
Welfare policies had been. Women's political participation in India Jump to There has been concern over the role of women as proxies for male family members, The level and forms of women's participation in politics is largely shaped by cultural and societal barriers in the form of violence, discrimination and illiteracy.
Youth In Indian Politics Politics Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, but Politics in India have been the same". Is it really so? We need to think about this. Their personality influences people who often look up to them as role models.
It is not so long that Rahul Gandhi stepped in to politics, but we have seen. The Changing Role of Women in Society A women's role has changed tremendously and is making its greatest impact in our society today.
Many years ago, women's contribution to society was limited and controlled by men.