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What are the cultural factors that influence social changes? Cultural factors influence social changes.
There is an intimate relationship between society and culture. Hence cultural changes involve social change. Cultural factors such as values, attitudes, ideologies, ideas of greatmen etc. Ogburn's concept of cultural lag explains the role of culture in social change.
In our country some communities do not approve of the use of contraceptive as they believe that it goes against their religious values as well as the economic values of having large family. In the medieval Europe, Galileo was tortured because of the speculative attitude of the church leaders.
In contrast modern countries at present encourage science. The successful scientists in our country are rewarded with honour, prestige, and sometimes with money. High value placed on science has encouraged many youngmen to take up science as a career.
Napoleon, Hitler, Karl Marx, Gandhi and others have caused radical changes in the sphere of politics. Similarly writers, scientists, philosophers have also contributed to social changes. New ideas and ideologies also bring about significant changes in the world's social and economic order.
Nobody can deny the influences of the ideas like liberty, equality and fraternity in giving rise to the French revolution. Similarly new ideologies such as socialism, Gandhisim and democracy have exerted profound influence on social organisation.
Recent change in ideologies has caused disintegration of the U. Ogburn in his book 'Social Change'.
The concept of cultural lag is a necessary concept in the explanation of social change. Ogburn classified culture into two categories. Material culture and 2. By material culture, he means things like books, utensils, machines, houses and such other forms of technology.
Non-material aspect of culture include beliefs, attitudes, values, norms, religion, education etc. According to Ogburn changes come first into the material aspects of culture.
But the non-material aspects of culture take time to adjust to the changes taking place in material aspects. As a result, non-material culture falls behind material culture, which is known as 'cultural lag'.
Ogburn has cited number of examples of cultural lag.The primary predictors of beauty in the female body are a low BMI and a curvaceous figure.
Discover the perfect female body measurements.. *This is a follow-up to my previous post on the perfect male body measurements The title of this article is misleading because society’s views on beauty in the female body are subjective and vary based on culture and time.
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