It is widely recognized as one of the great stories of all time, and has been a strong influence on later European, especially Renaissance, literature. The poem focuses on the Greek hero Odysseus or Ulyssesas he was known in Roman myths and his long journey home to Ithaca following the fall of Troy. His adventure-filled ten year journey took him through the Ionian Islands and the Peloponnese and as far away as Egypt and North Africa and the western Mediteranean, as the displeased sea-god Poseidon prevented him from reaching his home. They receive him sumptuously and recount the ending of the Trojan War, including the story of the wooden horse.
The Odyssey does not follow a linear chronology.
The first four books set the scene in Ithaca. Telemachus is searching for news of his father, who has not been heard from since he left for war nearly 20 years earlier. Telemachus seeks out two men who fought with Odysseus in the war at TroyNestor and Menelausand discovers that his father is, indeed, still alive.
The second four books V—VIII introduce the main character, Odysseus, as he is being released from captivity by the nymph Calypso on the island of Ogygia. He suffers a shipwreck and lands on the shore of Scheria, the land of the Phaeacians.
Scholars date the writing of the Odyssey to about — bce. The poem was intended for oral performance. The original work may not have been constructed into the 24 books known to the contemporary reader, and the parts were certainly not in codex form.
In the ancient world, the poem was likely written in columns on rolls made from papyrusor possibly some kind of animal skin such as vellum and parchment. Given its extraordinary length, the poem may have actually occupied 24 individual rolls.
In the first printed version still in Greek was produced in Florence. The earliest vernacular translations of the Odyssey from its original Ionic Greek dialect began to appear in Europe during the 16th century.
Applying the ancient Greek metre to contemporary vernacularsespecially to words meant to be spoken aloud rather than read privately, posed a particular challenge, forcing translators to add and invent words in order to make the metre work.
Some have translated it into prose and some into verse.
Several English translations were published in the 20th century, notably those by Emile Victor E. Rieu ; revised and reissued by his son, D.
Rieu, inRobert Fitzgeraldand Richmond Lattimore A best-selling verse translation by Robert Fagles was praised for employing language both contemporary and timeless.
In Emily Wilson became, according to her publisher, the first woman to translate and publish the Odyssey in English.
The poem has also been adapted for children and young readers and has been issued by Marvel as a comic book. It is an enduring classic because its hero, Odysseus, and his story, though centuries old, are remarkably human and continue to grip the contemporary imagination.Odyssey, epic poem in 24 books traditionally attributed to the ancient Greek poet Homer.
The poem is the story of Odysseus, king of Ithaca, who wanders for 10 years (although the action of the poem covers only the final six weeks) trying to get home after the Trojan War. A summary of Books 1–2 in Homer's The Odyssey. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Odyssey and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Jan 30, · But each is just one episode in the "Odyssey," a 12,line poem spanning years of ancient Greek history and legend.
So how do we make sense of . The Odyssey begins after the end of the ten-year Trojan War (the subject of the Iliad), and Odysseus has still not returned home from the war because he angered the god, Poseidon. Jan 30, · But each is just one episode in the "Odyssey," a 12,line poem spanning years of ancient Greek history and legend.
So how do we make sense of . The Odyssey is an epic poem attributed to the poet Homer, written between the 8th and 7th centuries BCE. It is a sequel to Homer’s other epic poem, the Iliad, .