Diversity in origin, race Both the immigrant and U. A large share of foreign-born Muslims are Asian, while many U. And substantial shares of both foreign-born and U. Muslims named 75 different countries of origin.
Indian Muslim leaders speaking up on behalf of an Ottoman caliphate might appear to represent a global Muslim unity, but such a conclusion would be a mistake. Their success in getting the meeting with Wilson owed much to their sacrifice as soldiers in the British army fighting and defeating the German-Ottoman alliance.
Edwin Montagu, Secretary of State for British-ruled India, arranged the meeting because he believed that the British empire, as the biggest Muslim empire Muslim country essay the world, had a moral responsibility to listen to the Indian Muslim case for the preservation of the Ottoman caliphate.
Several Indian Hindu leaders joined the meeting, making clear their solidarity with their fellow Indian Muslim brethren and their support for the Ottoman caliphate. This conversation at the Paris Peace Conference in does not reveal a clash between an Islamic world and a Western world.
It reveals one complex and interdependent world. The Muslims were loyal supporters of the multi-faith British empire, cooperating with Hindus, and had fought against the Muslim soldiers of the Ottoman empire during the First World War.
They did not see Westerners as any kind of enemy, and made their case for the Ottoman caliphate according to international norms about national self-determination and imperial peace. Since the Iranian Revolution ofWestern journalists and radical Islamists popularised the idea.
In their view, contemporary Pan-Islamism draws on ancient Muslim ideals in pursuit of restoring a pristine religious purity. According to this account, Pan-Islamism is a reactionary movement, in thrall to ancient traditions and classical Islamic law.
This Pan-Islamism not only survives but thrives in the contemporary world, and is a civilisational artefact deeply at odds with modern times. It began with the advent of Islam, in the 7th century, and has continued virtually to the present day.
It has consisted of a long series of attacks and counterattacks, jihads and crusades, conquests and reconquests.
Yet, contrary to this dominant view of an eternal clash with the Christian West, Pan-Islamism is in fact relatively new, and not so exceptional.
Closely related to Pan-Africanism and Pan-Asianism, it emerged in the s as a response to the iniquities of European imperialism. The idea of an ancient clash between the Muslim World and the Christian World is a dangerous and modern myth.
It relies on fabricated misrepresentations of separate Islamic and Western geopolitical and civilisational unities. Pan-Islamists in the age of empire did not have to convince fellow Muslims about the global unity of their co-religionists.
By racialising their Muslim subjects with references to their religious identity, colonisers created the conceptual foundations of modern Muslim unity. Like Pan-Africanists and Pan-Asianists, the first Pan-Islamists were intellectuals who wanted to counter the slights, humiliations and exploitation of Western colonial domination.
They did not necessarily want to reject the imperial world or the reality of empires. Like Pan-Africanists and Pan-Asianists, Pan-Islamists emphasised that European empires discriminated against Africans, Asians and Muslims, both within empires and in international affairs.
Islamic culture is a term primarily used in secular academia to describe the cultural practices common to historically Islamic people -- i.e., the culture of the Islamicate. The early forms of Muslim culture were predominantly Arab. A Saudi-US alliance began promoting the idea of Muslim solidarity in the s as an alternative to the secular Pan-Arabism of the Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, whose country allied with the Soviet Union. Religious Conflict in Muslim Countries Essay Words 6 Pages While the Western world today is mainly interested in radical Islam and its posing a serious challenge to civil liberties as well as democratic countries all over the world, Muslim countries are to bipolarities within themselves.
All three challenged European racism and colonial domination, and promised a better and freer world for the majority of human beings on Earth. European colonial officers began to worry about a potential Muslim revolt when they saw how the modern technologies of printing, steamships and the telegraph were creating new links among diverse Muslim populations, helping them to assert a critique of racism and discrimination.
Yet there were no Pan-Islamic revolts against colonialism from the s to the s. The alleged threat of Pan-Islamism made its first notable appearance in the West during the First World War, in part because the Ottoman and German empires promoted it in their war propaganda.
By the s, with the fading of the colonial world and its replacement by a world of independent nation-states, the political projects of Pan-Islamism, Pan-Africanism and Pan-Asianism had almost disappeared. They had, however, won many of the intellectual battles against racism, defeated colonial arguments of white supremacy, and helped to end European imperial rule.
Disappointments about the failure of Africa, Asia and the Muslim world to become comparable in equality and freedom to the West also contributed to the declining status of the pan-nationalisms. By the s, African and African-American intellectuals grew more pessimistic about the key Pan-Africanist dream of gaining racial equality for black people in the modern world, and making the whole of Africa prosperous and free.The Present-day State of Muslim-Western Relations - This essay reflects my research and participation towards our collaborative project/presentation, and outlines the focus and arguments of the group presentation.
Hasan al-Banna and his followers worked against the foreign companies “British imperial rule” in their country. What they. The Myth of the Muslim Country from Boston Review. Calling the nations subjected to the ban Muslim is sloppy, misguided, and dangerous. A Muslim (Arabic: مُسلِم ) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.
Muslims consider the Quran, their holy book, to be the verbatim word of God as revealed to the Islamic prophet and messenger Muhammad. The Muslim Brotherhood and Political Islam - In recent decades, Arab governments have lost a lot of confidence from their citizens.
Their failure to liberate occupied Arab lands and eliminate the Zionist entity, is a huge disappointment to Arabs everywhere. Muslim immigrants in the United States, roughly half of whom (56%) have arrived since the year , come from a wide array of countries, and no single region or .
Business practices in an Islamic country are likely to differ a lot from business practices in Canada. The impact of God is tremendous in Islamic countries, so that Muslim is regulated by a variety of religious principles and moral conducts in their social and economic activities.