Overall, the quick outlook would hopefully have highlighted the alignment of the functions of management in different management theories. What do these functions entail, why are they important and how to utilize them?
Know the dimensions of the planning-organizing-leading-controlling P-O-L-C framework. Know the general inputs into each P-O-L-C dimension. While drawing from a variety of academic disciplines, and to help managers respond to the challenge of creative problem solving, principles of management have long been categorized into the four major functions of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling the P-O-L-C framework.
The four functions, summarized in the P-O-L-C figure, are actually highly integrated when carried out in the day-to-day realities of running an organization. Therefore, you should not get caught up in trying to analyze and understand a complete, clear rationale for categorizing skills and practices that compose the whole of the P-O-L-C framework.
It is important to note that this framework is not without criticism. Specifically, these criticisms stem from the observation that the P-O-L-C functions might be ideal but that they do not accurately depict the day-to-day actions of actual managers Mintzberg, ; Lamond, The typical day in the life of a manager at any level can be fragmented and hectic, with the constant threat of having priorities dictated by the law of the trivial many and important few i.
However, the general conclusion seems to be that the P-O-L-C functions of management still provide a very useful way of classifying the activities managers engage in as they attempt to achieve organizational goals Lamond, Planning requires that managers be aware of environmental conditions facing their organization and forecast future conditions.
It also requires that managers be good decision makers. Planning is a process consisting of several steps. The process begins with environmental scanning which simply means that planners must be aware of the critical contingencies facing their organization in terms of economic conditions, their competitors, and their customers.
Planners must then attempt to forecast future conditions. These forecasts form the basis for planning. Planners must establish objectives, which are statements of what needs to be achieved and when.
Planners must then identify alternative courses of action for achieving objectives.
After evaluating the various alternatives, planners must make decisions about the best courses of action for achieving objectives. They must then formulate necessary steps and ensure effective implementation of plans.
Finally, planners must constantly evaluate the success of their plans and take corrective action when necessary. There are many different types of plans and planning. Strategic planning involves analyzing competitive opportunities and threats, as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the organization, and then determining how to position the organization to compete effectively in their environment.
Strategic planning has a long time frame, often three years or more. Strategic planning generally includes the entire organization and includes formulation of objectives.Four Functions of Management Paper The discipline of management can be divided into four specific functions, which include planning, organizing, leading, and controlling.
Each of these functions plays a crucial role in a manager’s capability to support an organization’s strategic objectives. The functions are key to management in all levels, from the entry positions to higher roles of management.
Furthermore, each five functions – planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling – are linked to each other.
Keywords: essay on planning, essay about planning in management. I had the opportunity to work with different levels of managers. I ran into a wide variety of issues within the organization.
A majority of issues were related to the planning function of different management and integration of these planning. The planning of Susan Maddox. Four Functions of Management Management functions as a whole in the organization that I work are carried out between the different levels of the organizations.
Jun 25, · Planning is the part of management concerned with creating procedures, rules and guidelines for achieving a stated objective. Planning is carried out at both the macro and micro level. Below, we take a look at the three types of plans in management and how they are used within an organizational framework: For example: most organizations Author: Kasia Mikoluk.
It is the basic management function which includes formulation of one or more detailed plans to achieve optimum balance of needs or demands with the available resources.
According to Urwick, “Planning is a mental predisposition to do things in orderly way, to think before acting and to act in the light of facts rather than guesses”.