History of Solidarity In the s Poland's government raised food prices while wages stagnated.
Some 17, workers seized control of the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk to protest, among other things, a recent rise in food prices. Their leader, Lech Walesa, had narrowly avoided arrest by secret police that morning, and had managed to scale the shipyard gate and join the workers inside.
Soon, workers in 20 other area factories joined the strike in solidarity. Seventeen days later, after negotiations with Poland's Communist government, the burly, mustachioed Walesa appeared before the workers in the shipyard with an historic message: Those were rights accorded under conventions by the International Labor Organization, of which Poland was a signatory.
But this was the first time that any Communist government had put them into practice. Solidarity's underground efforts were also greatly aided by financial help from American trade unions, as well as moral support from Pope John Paul II.
The workers had other demands, such as better wages and benefits, posted in a list of "21 postulates" on the shipyard door. But none was as crucial as the right to organize and strike. Radek Sikorski, a former deputy foreign Solidarity between trade unions defense minister of postcommunist Poland, was a high school student at the time of the Gdansk accord.
You know, it's said that we Poles become a nation once a generation, just like we did recently when the pope died, and that was one of those moments when, suddenly, millions of people felt that they wanted the same thing, which was free trade unions to represent them against the [Communist] Party.
It gave people hope that perhaps communism could be reformed. We now know that it couldn't," Sikorski said.
Over the next 15 months, the union's membership grew from 1 million to 9 million people -- a quarter of the country's population. But across the Russian border, Poland's Soviet masters were growing increasingly alarmed. And in early Decemberthe Warsaw Pact issued a statement at a summit in Moscow stating "fraternal solidarity and support" with Poland's communist leaders in overcoming what it called the country's "present difficulties.
The military, in a plan hatched over the previous months, arrested most of Solidarity's leaders, including Walesa. Walesa would spend nearly a year in jail. And for the next seven years, he would be under constant watch and harassment by secret police. When he won the Nobel Peace Prize inhe sent his wife to collect the award in Oslo, fearing he would not be let back into the communist country.
In the long, dark period leading up to the radical changes ofSolidarity worked in the underground. But, as Sikorski recalls, it never wavered from one its key principles -- nonviolence.
So I think the path of nonviolence is certainly an important Solidarity legacy. And if you look at what happened in other countries -- in the Czech Republic, and more recently in Serbia or in Ukraine -- that message has been successfully imitated," Sikorski said.
In the s various trade unions from different backgrounds ranging from conservative craft unions, white racist industrial unions, white dominated racially mixed industrial unions and non-racial industrial unions merged to form one trade union called South African Trades and Labour Council (SATLC), popularly known as the Trade and Labour Council. Trade Union: Meaning Trade Union is an organization of workers who have hooped together to achieve common goals such as protecting the integrity of its trade, achieving higher pay, increasing the number of employees an employer hires, and better working conditions. Introduction. This document contains the names of all trade unions entered on the list maintained by the Certification Officer under section 3 of the Trade Union and Labour Relations.
The pope published a major text -- the encyclical "On Human Work" -- and met with Walesa in for talks that made international headlines.
Both acts, as well as the strategic partnership between the Polish Catholic Church and Solidarity, lent powerful legitimacy to the movement. Bronislaw Geremek, now a member of the European Parliament, was one of the leading intellectuals of the Solidarity movement. This context is first of all the lesson of the visit of Pope John Paul to Poland.
The organization was assured, in all cities in which the pope paid a visit, by civilians -- by a special guard formed by workers, people from the intelligentsia -- [who were] able to organize themselves," Geremek said. Further moral support came from Western governments, in particular the United States and Britain, which along with international agencies refused to grant debt-ridden Poland economic aid until it legalized Solidarity.Trade unions are organisations that represent people at work.
Their purpose is to protect and improve people's pay and conditions of employment. Nov 27, · Solidarity (Polish trade union) Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading.
Written language only began at around . Dec 14, · Solidarity formally was founded on September 22, , when delegates of 36 regional trade unions met in Gdańsk and united under the name Solidarność.
The KOR subsequently disbanded, its activists becoming members of the union, and Wałęsa was elected chairman of Solidarity. ii FOREWORD Since its beginning in the Friedrich Ebert Foundation is committed to the concepts and basic values of social democracy and the labour movement.
Absolutism and Constitutionalism - Multiple Choice. More Multiple Choice on Absolutism and Constitutionalism.
Flashcards on Absolutism and Constitutionalism. Introduction. This document contains the names of all trade unions entered on the list maintained by the Certification Officer under section 3 of the Trade Union and Labour Relations.