Terms August Decrees A series of decrees issued by the National Assembly in August that successfully suppressed the Great Fear by releasing all peasants from feudal contracts. Bastille A large armory and state prison in the center of Paris that a mob of sans-culottes sacked on July 14,giving the masses arms for insurrection.
The changes caused by the revolution were both positive and negative in the history of France: Destruction of social classes: The French revolution destroyed the social discriminative class system in France and declared equality for all.
The revolution came up with the equality and career open to talents, i. This led to rise of middle class who had acquired education to positions of responsibilities.
The rise of Napoleon Bonaparte: The French revolution contributed to the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte to power without which he would have died a common man. It destroyed the congregative class system and opened opportunity to talent peasants like Napoleon.
All the army generals were swept away during the reign of terror giving chance to Napoleon to rise to power in France. Declaration of rights of man: The fret revolution led to the declaration of rights of man and citizens.
It granted political liberty, like freedom of speech, press, association, worship and ownership of property.
Although they were abused during the reign of terror, they became foundation of freedom. The revolution gave birth to the revolutionary ideas of liberty, equality and fraternity. These ideas started in France and got spread to other areas like Italy, German, etc.
This made France to be a nursery bed of democracy in Europe.
Ended the rule of Bourbon Monarch. The Bourbon monarch that had ruled France for over years came to end by the French revolution. The monarchy rule was abolished in and replaced it with the Republican form of Government. Although the Bourbon monarch was restored by the great powers after the downfall of Napoleon, it could not survive beyond because the monarchs were already weakened by the changes caused by the French revolution.
Rise of political parties: France became a multiparty state as a result of the French revolution. The freedom of association led to the rise of political clubs such as the Jacobins, cordilliers, Giirondin Fauvillants that competed for power. These parties kept the government under check and balance by criticizing bad policies.In the last instance, the effect of such a political revolution is often “Meet the new boss, same as the old boss” (The Who), perhaps the most concise description of the usual outcome because leaders, under the skin, are the same.
The form of government, common to most European countries at the time of the French Revolution, in which one king or queen, from a designated royal dynasty, holds control over policy and has the final say on all such matters.
The form of government, common to most European countries at the time of the French Revolution, in which one king or queen, from a designated royal dynasty, holds control over policy and has the final say on all such matters. King Louis XVI, Maximilien de Robespierre, Georges Danton and Napoleon Bonaparte were important people during the French Revolution.
During this period between and , the people of France deposed and executed the king, set up a republic and dealt with substantial internal and external threats. The effects of the French Revolution had a major impact on France and Europe, which influenced and transformed these countries.
regardbouddhiste.com explains that the effects of the French Revolution resulted in an established democratic institution, elections, constitutions and a modern government. In addition to effects similar to those in Italy and Switzerland, France saw the introduction of the principle of legal equality, and the downgrading of the once powerful and rich Catholic Church to just a bureau controlled by the government.
Much of South Germany felt a similar but more muted influence of the French Revolution, while in.