Scottish philosopher, social critic, essayist, historian, biographer, translator, and editor. For additional information on Carlyle's life and works, see.
Scottish philosopher, social critic, essayist, historian, biographer, translator, and editor. Carlyle achieved literary notoriety for his penetrating and often scathing criticism of Victorian society.
His writings demonstrate Thomas carlyle essay opposition to the Victorian emphasis on the logical and mechanical nature of the universe and his feelings against democracy in Britain. In conveying these views, Carlyle developed a writing style so distinct that it has been referred to as "Carlylese," and such works as Sartor Resartus and The French Revolution are often regarded as revolutionary in both their prose and their content.
He studied mathematics at Edinburgh University, but he left before earning his degree.
Making a break with his Calvinist upbringing and family tradition, Carlyle chose not to become a clergyman, instead earning his living as a tutor at Annan and then as a schoolmaster at Kirkcaldy School.
After returning to Edinburgh inCarlyle wrote occasional book reviews but grew increasingly depressed by his uncertainty regarding his vocation and religion. In the early s, Carlyle appears to have undergone a spiritual conversion, which he later described in Sartor Resartus as a realization of a sense of individual freedom.
Inhe married Jane Welsh, whom he had courted for some time. After publishing several essays, Carlyle attempted with much difficulty to place Sartor Resartus. It was published in and brought Carlyle recognition as a major literary figure.
Thomas Carlyle: Thomas Carlyle, Scottish historian and essayist, whose major works include The French Revolution, 3 vol. (), On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic in History (), and The History of Friedrich II of Prussia, Called Frederick the Great, 6 vol. (–65). Carlyle was the second son of James. Thomas Carlyle (4 December – 5 February ) was a Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, translator, historian, mathematician, and teacher. Considered one of the most important social commentators of his time, he presented many lectures during his lifetime with certain acclaim in Alma mater: University of Edinburgh. Thomas Carlyle, born in Ecclefechan, Dumfries and Galloway , was a Scottish essayist whose work was very significant in the Victorian era .Carlyle was brought up in a strictly Calvinist family, following a version of Protestant Christianity.
Carlyle was devastated by the death of his wife inand his literary output after her death is small. Carlyle died in Major Works The publication of Sartor Resartus established Carlyle as a social critic, though the work was received with much confusion because of its unique literary style.
The title of the work means "the tailor re-tailored" and highlights the main theme of the work: Therefore, the significance of being able to see through these symbols, or clothes, is emphasized throughout the work. In The French Revolution, Carlyle sympathized with the revolutionaries to some extent but despised anarchy and appeared to fear the rule of the people.
In On Heroes and Hero-Worship, Carlyle presented the view that the vast majority of people are unsuited to rule and instead need heroes to provide solid leadership.
Similarly, in Past and Present, Carlyle questioned democracy and analyzed the problems of workers in England.
Some have suggested that in this work Carlyle foresaw the growth and development of the Labor Party in England. Yet it is the method Carlyle used to convey this message—particularly the interplay between the Editor and the anonymous colleague—that is problematic for many critics.
A review in the Athenaeum in charges Carlyle with carrying "quaintness, neologism and a whimsical coxcombery" through three volumes of "misplaced persiflage and flippant pseudo-philosophy. Ernst Cassirer explains that Carlyle sought to "stabilize the social and political order" in England and was convinced that hero worship was the best way to achieve this aim.Thomas Carlyle - Thomas Carlyle Thomas Carlyle was a Scottish essayist and historian; his writings helped him to become one of a select group of sages that .
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Thomas Carlyle Scottish philosopher, social critic, essayist, historian, biographer, translator, and editor. For additional information on Carlyle's life and works, see.
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The essay "Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question" was written by the Scottish essayist Thomas Carlyle about the acceptability of using black slaves and indentured servants.
It was first anonymously published as an article in Fraser's Magazine for Town and Country of London in December, ,  and was reprinted as a pamphlet four . Essays and criticism on Thomas Carlyle - Critical Essays.