The speculations emanate mainly from Vice President Leni Robredo, who merely echoes lines from her political patrons in the Liberal Party who practically gave her the vice presidency on a silver platter. Nonetheless, and as pointed out in the previous essay under this column, Robredo is all empty rhetoric inasmuch as her accusations against Duterte indicate that she does not understand Martial Law, either during the time of President Ferdinand Marcos, or under the Constitution.
On September 21,President Ferdinand E. Marcos placed the Philippines under Martial Law. The declaration issued under Proclamation suspended the civil rights and imposed military authority in the country. Marcos defended the declaration stressing the need for extra powers to quell the rising wave of violence allegedly caused by communists.
The emergency rule was also intended to eradicate the roots of rebellion and promote a rapid trend for national development. The autocrat assured the country of the legality of Martial Law emphasizing the need for control over civil disobedience that displays lawlessness.
Marcos explained citing the provisions from the Philippine Constitution that Martial Law is a strategic approach to legally defend the Constitution and protect the welfare of the Filipino people from the dangerous threats posed by Muslim rebel groups and Christian vigilantes that places national security at risk during the time.
Marcos used several events to justify martial law. Marcos announced the emergency rule the day after the shooting incident. Marcos also declared insurgency in the south caused by the clash between Muslims and Christians, which Marcos considered as a threat to national security.
The Muslims were defending their ancestral land against the control of Christians who migrated in the area. The move was initially supported by most Filipinos and was viewed by some critics as a change that solved the massive corruption in the country.
Martial law ceased the clash between the executive and legislative branches of the government and a bureaucracy characterized by special interest.
Marcos started to implement reforms on social and political values that hindered effective modernization. To match the accomplishments of its Asian neighbors, Marcos imposed the need for self-sacrifice for the attainment of national welfare.
His reforms targeted his rivals within the elite depriving them of their power and patronage but did not affect their supporters US Library of Congress, Martial Law and the Aftermath. The army and the Philippine Constabulary seized weapons and disbanded private armies controlled by prominent politicians and other influential figures Proclamation and Martial Law.
Marcos took control of the legislature and closed the Philippine Congress Proclamation and Martial Law. Numerous media outfits were either closed down or operated under tight control Proclamation and Martial Law.
More and more Filipinos took arms to dislodge the regime. Marcos, in both events, won the election; however, his extended term as President of the Republic of the Philippines elicited an extensive opposition against his regime. Social unrest reached its height after former Senator Benigno Aquino was murdered.In other words, Martial Law is the ultimate solution to curves growing problems in criminality.
For me, Martial Law wasn’t the best thing in the world that happened to the Philippines. Martial Law during the time of Marcos wasn’t declared to restore peace and order. . What really happened in Manila during the Marcos Martial Law? To read and watched, like this book’s Lualhati Bautista presenting the best examples of the circumstances at that time.
One, why did Marcos declare Martial Law at midnight of Sept. 21, , and two, if Martial Law were not declared, what would have happened to the country? Let’s rewind a bit, and follow the antecedents of the declaration of Martial Law. Nonetheless, and as pointed out in the previous essay under this column, Robredo is all empty rhetoric inasmuch as her accusations against Duterte indicate that she does not understand Martial Law, either during the time of President Ferdinand Marcos, or under the Constitution.
In Decades ’70, mababakas reader notes the actual story of repression and military violence on innocent civilians involved in the war, human rights violations, different face of poverty and exploitation of oppressed peoples, and unremitting resistance by the people during the dictatorship of martial law.
Proclamation of Martial Law: On September 21, , President Ferdinand E. Marcos placed the Philippines under Martial Law. The declaration issued under Proclamation suspended the writ of habeas corpus and imposed military authority in the country.