Examples of reference in a Sentence Noun references to an earlier event The numbers were calculated by reference to the most recent census. Reference to a map will make the position clear.
And now you have to write the story. You have pages in your notebook of facts, observations, quotes. You may have some agency copy, some material from other media. The first thing to do is stop and think. Do not start writing until you have a plan. Read through all your notes, marking the most important pieces of information and the quotes you want to use.
The information you have gathered will not have entered your notebook in order of importance. You need to decide what is more important, what is less important, to establish a hierarchy of pieces of information.
And this is where you must think about your audience. Not necessarily what interests you most, but what will interest them. It may not be the same thing, and this is where knowing, having a feeling for, understanding your audience is so important.
As you stare at the blank screen try to imagine the reader. It depends on the publication you are writing for, of course. You can assume more knowledge if you are writing for a specialist publication, or a specialist section of a newspaper.
A cricket report or commentary can assume knowledge of the rules of cricket; an article for a motoring magazine can assume the reader knows what a supercar is. But some specialist publications set out to educate - computer magazines are a good example - and while interest can be assumed, knowledge of how to use specific pieces of software cannot.
So understand the intentions of the publication you write for, or if you are a freelance you seek to sell to. The market sector in which the newspaper is located is also relevant to how you write.
You will find longer sentences and paragraphs and sometimes longer words in the more serious newspapers selling relatively small numbers of copies than in mass-selling newspapers with circulations 10 times as big.
The reader of the Guardian will tend to be better educated and to have a larger vocabulary than the reader of the Sun. But do not, as a writer, show off your extensive vocabulary. It is never better, wherever you are writing, to prefer the less familiar word - "wordy" is always better than "prolix".
Nobody is impressed by the use of a word they do not understand or would not use in everyday speech. The danger of talking down to the audience - assuming vocabulary as well as knowledge - is that it insults readers, makes them feel inadequate. And that turns them off and, worse, turns them away.
They do not read on, and you have not communicated with them. The best writing for popular journalism is some of the best writing in journalism, and is hard to do.
It is readily understandable, instantly readable and, if it is done well, makes you want to read on. Space is always the most precious commodity in a newspaper. Long words and sentences take up more space. Self-indulgent writing pleases nobody except perhaps the writer.
Stephen King, who has sold more novels than most, reflected on his craft in On Writing, and drew a similar message: This is like dressing up a household pet in evening clothes.
The pet is embarrassed and the person who committed this act of premeditated cuteness should be even more embarrassed. One of the greatest editors and journalists is Harold Evans, who has written one of the best books on journalistic writing, Essential English for Journalists, Editors and Writers.
He summed it up thus: We must be able to put it across. Meaning must be unmistakable, and it must also be succinct. Readers have not the time and newspapers have not the space for elaborate reiteration. This imposes decisive requirements. In protecting the reader from incomprehension and boredom, the text editor has to insist on language which is specific, emphatic and concise.
Every word must be understood by the ordinary reader, every sentence must be clear at one glance, and every story must say something about people. There must never be a doubt about its relevance to our daily life.How to Write. Writing can be an amazing hobby and a necessary skill. From realistic fiction to mysteries to sci-fi to poetry to academic papers, your writing is only limited by your imagination.
Keep in mind that writing is a lot more than putting pen to paper: it takes reading, research, thinking, and revising. While. Well, good news: “Power words” are the answer, and you can put them in place in a matter of minutes.
This post gives you a reference lists of power words, examples of power words being used — everything you need to hit the ground running.
But, the best part of writing formal writing and sticking to it is that, you will know your depth of writing standard. Read as much as you can, for, a good writer is a good reader. Try new vocabulary, find its synonyms, and antonyms.
use them and try to find difference even between their synonyms. Oct 20, · Writing a news article is different from writing other articles or informative pieces because news articles present information in a specific way. It's important to be able to convey all the relevant information in a limited word count and give the facts to your target audience concisely%(91).
The letter C is a modern-day descendent of the Ancient Greek letter gamma, and as such originally represented a “g” sound rather than “k.”The Romans, however, confused everything; they. Both a contract drafter and a contract reviewer can save some time by first reviewing — together — the Common Draft short-form contract drafts (as well as other clause titles) and discussing just what types of provision they want in their document. Unit: Writing a News Article (middle school) 1 of 10 Includes the main elements of a news article, writing headlines, writing a lead, story sequencing, differences between fact and opinion all the basic aspects of news writing are included in this 15 page multiple-skill unit.
Paraphrasing does NOT mean changing a word or two in someone else’s sentence, changing the sentence structure while maintaining the original words, or changing a few words to synonyms. If you are tempted to rearrange a sentence in any of these ways, you are writing too close to the original.
From the Late Founder and Editor Robert Parry: When we founded regardbouddhiste.com in – as the first investigative news magazine based on the Internet – there was already a crisis building.